Cambridge Geography and Demographics
Cambridge is a beautiful town in the United Kingdom. Renowned not only for its university but for its old English charm and picturesque green scenery, Cambridge is a popular destination for visitors from around the world. In this guide we shall look at the geography and demographics of the town of Cambridge.
Location of Cambridge UK
The town of Cambridge is situated approximately 50 miles (80 kilometres) north-east of England’s capital of London. To the north of Cambridge you will find the towns of Histon and Impington; to the east there is Teversham; to the west you will find Coton; and to the south of Cambridge is the town of Great Shelford.
Cambridge is situated on low-lying terrain that reaches a maximum height of around 24 metres (79 feet) at its highest point and 6 metres (20 feet) at its lowest point.
The town is built around the River Cam that runs through the centre of Cambridge. The centre of Cambridge is largely composed of university colleges, student accommodation, shopping and other commercial buildings. The suburbs surrounding Cambridge have a lot of high-density housing and are where the majority of Cambridge people live.
Cambridge UK Climate
The climate in Cambridge UK is similar to much of the south-east of England. The months of June through August are the warmest with average highs of 22 Celsius (72 Fahrenheit) and average nighttime lows of 12 Celsius (54 Fahrenheit).
The coldest time of the year in Cambridge is during the winter months of December through February. The average high temperature in mid-winter is 7 Celsius (45 Fahrenheit); and the average low is 1 Celsius (34 Fahrenheit). However, the temperatures can and do vary quite significantly from these averages.
The rainiest months of the year in Cambridge are June and October. During both these months there is an average rainfall of approximately 54 cm (2.1 inches). However, rainfall is quite significant all year round, with the lowest average rainfall being 33 cm (1.3 inches) in the month of February. July also sees quite low rainfall.
Cambridge UK Demographics
Like many university towns, the demographics of Cambridge can be quite hard to measure as it varies so much when students are away on holidays and when they are staying in the town. However, the 2001 census has put the population of Cambridge at 108,863 people in the non-metropolitan area of the city, which ranks the town as the 167th most populated in the United Kingdom. Within the urban area as a whole, the estimated population is 130,000; the county area of Cambridgeshire has an estimated population of 752,900 people.
The population of Cambridge is predominantly white – with 89.44 percent of Cambridge residents stating that they were white during the time of the 2001 census. The 2001 census was held during term time. However, this is lower than the national average of 92.12 percent.
Cambridge has a higher than average proportion of people working in high-paid professional and managerial jobs. Approximately 33 percent of workers fit into this category in comparison to a 23.5 percent national average. Additionally, there are significant more residents with high-level qualifications such as a degree, doctorate etc than the rest of the United Kingdom. Cambridge has a 41.2 percent proportion compared with 19.7 percent nationwide.
Population History of Cambridge UK
Cambridge has been around for hundreds of years, and over time the population has seen steady and significant growth – largely due to the expansion of the university and natural population increase.
In 1801 (the earliest records of population in Cambridge), the population was estimated at around 10,087 people. By 1831, the population of Cambridge had grown to 20,917 and up to 36,983 by 1891.
At the turn of the 20th century, the population of Cambridge was 38,379. This almost doubled by 1931 and reached 81,500 just after the end of World War II. The population of Cambridge has only seen a decrease once in its recorded history – during the 1981 population census, where it dropped from 99,168 in 1971 down to 87,209.
The most recent Cambridge population census has put the population at 108,863.